Niccolo Machiavelli (1469-1527) is a diplomat, historian, and a political theorist.  He authored a political treatise titled “THE PRINCE.”  The book is based on true characters and current political situation during his time. Published five years after his death, The Prince garnered both criticisms and recognition.  Its worst assailants are religious organizations, calling the book “diabolical, unethical, and immoral.”  However, the book earned recognition for its realism on how rulers (PRINCES)  acquire their principalities and how to effectively hold them, and if necessary, ruthlessly eliminating any individuals who stand in the way to achieve autonomy.

In the book, Machiavelli referred to REPUBLICS, which are governed by their citizens, and PRINCIPALITIES, which are governed by a single, strong ruler, which is the prince. According to the book there are various ways states can be acquired, however, I will only discuss the states that apply to the topic of this discussion, namely:

The HEREDITARY, in which rule is passed down among members of one family and the ECCLESIASTICAL, which is believed to be ordained by God.  Machiavelli considers these 2 principalities easy to hold.  In the former, the subjects are accustomed to the family of their prince that it is only sufficient that the prince upholds the institutions he inherited.  In the latter, such principality is upheld by the powers of God. The prince is Divinely appointed. 

EVM acquired his Principality by mere good fortune (Hereditary and Ecclesiastical.)   Due to the Divine nature of his Principality, the Church had given EVM ABSOLUTE IMMUNITY in the Court of God.  He is the central and absolute power of the Church.

It’s been noted in the treatise, that the most difficult and perilous task for a prince to undertake is the introduction of a new order of things because he will make enemies of the people used to the ways of the old prince.  Having enjoyed the old conditions, they will come together in support of their lost freedom and privileges. However, if the family of the old Prince is exterminated, the subjects, now without a ruler, and not knowing how to govern their state, will be disunited, and will have a slow resistance to the new order.  Why would EVM listen to your appeal to re-unite with his mother and siblings?  Would it make sense to maintain the “anchors” to the old ways, and let the subjects rally behind them? Doing so, will defeat his purpose to introduce a new order of things, like “express tiwalag,” rallying to air your grievances against the government, public humiliation, festive dancing in public, etc.

In conclusion, Machiavelli posed the following question:  “whether it be better to be loved than feared or feared than loved? It may be answered that one should wish to be both, but, because it is difficult to unite them in one person, it is much safer to be feared than loved .”

I, therefore, conclude that “BEING ONE WITH EVM,” assures him that his subjects will not be hostile, or will not conspire against him.  As for being feared, it is more than enough that members of the church live in constant fear of God’s retribution for speaking against the Divinely appointed. With that being said, his princely state is well-secured.


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